This booklet is part of a range that have been produced by CITB to provide advice and guidance on Health and Safety issues relating to trade persons working in the construction industry such as bricklayers, plasters, painters and joiners, with the aim of helping to eliminate and reduce the risk of, accidents, injury and ill-health.
Ensuring a safe and healthy work environment for over 217 million workers in the EU is a strategic goal for the European Commission, working closely with Member States, social partners, and the other EU institutions and bodies. As risks to workers’ health and safety are broadly similar across the EU, there is a clear role for the Union in helping Member States to address such risks more efficiently and in ensuring a level playing-field throughout the EU. This role is explicitly recognised in the LisbonTreaty , which gives the Union shared competence to encourage cooperation between Member States and to adopt directives setting minimum requirements to improve the working environment in order to protect workers’ health and safety. EU action on occupational safety and health (OSH) has been pursued over the years within a strategic policy framework that includes two key components: 1. a comprehensive body of EU legislation covering the most significant occupational risks and providing common definitions, structures and rules that are adapted by Member States to their different national circumstances; and 2. a series of multiannual action programmes between 1978 and 2002, followed by European strategies (covering 2002-06 and 2007-12), to identify priorities and common objectives, provide a framework for coordinating national policies and promote a holistic culture of prevention. As a result of the 2007-12 strategy, 27 Member States have put in place national strategies.
Directive 89/391/EEC, lays down the main principles to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work. It guarantees minimum safety and health requirements throughout Europe while Member States are allowed to maintain or establish more stringent measures. The Framework Directive is accompanied by further directives focusing on specific aspects of safety and health at work. Together they form the fundamentals of European safety and health legislation
The consolidation and coordination of national strategies is the first of seven key strategic objectives contained in the EU Strategic Framework on H&S at Work 2014-2020. With the help of contacts points for national strategies, created under the strategic framework, EU OSHA has collected information and compiled a report on national strategies from 25 Member States of EU.